AMINO ACID SURVIVAL IN PHANEROZOIC FOSSILS Since amino acids have widely varying degrees of stability, after the death of an organism the less stable amino acid components will decompose more rapidly than those which are more stable, producing an amino acid signature that is increasingly distributed toward the more stable components as time progresses (Hare and Abelson 1967, Lee et al. Because of the range of variation among individual members of the same species (Hare and Abelson 1965, Hare and Mitterer 1967, King and Hare 1972, Jope 1980), amino acids may be expected to provide at best only a broad indication of fossil age.Uncertainty as to the extent to which modern organisms represent in detail the characteristics of their ancient counterparts introduces additional lack of precision in a fossil age based on amino acid ratios.To validate our age calculation algorithm, we used a wide series of radiometric datings (ESR and C), along with thermoluminescence and AAR dating on invertebrate (ostracode) samples.Our results demonstrate that AAR shows satisfactory correlation between age and the extent of aspartic acid racemization for material from modern humans and for ancient (Pleistocene) mammal remains (cave bears, horses and Neanderthals) and highlight a strong correlation between ages derived from dentine collagen aspartic acid and other dating methods.used to estimate the age of a specimen in paleobiology, molecular paleontology, archaeology, forensic science, taphonomy, sedimentary geology and other fields.This technique relates changes in amino acid molecules to the time elapsed since they were formed. All amino acids except glycine (the simplest one) are optically active, having a stereocenter at their α-C atom.At a widely publicized news conference in August of 1972, Dr.
The rate itself of hydrolysis "depends on the strength of the individual peptide bonds, which in turn is determined by the characteristics of the amino acids on either side of the bond, the presence of water and the temperature."All of these are confounding factors, which, if not known exactly over extended periods of time, would play havoc with any sort of age determinations.
The amino acids combine with each other like the links of a chain to form a long protein chain.
Proteins contain from 50 to several hundred amino acids.
He was quoted as saying that he had discovered the basis of the method in 1968, and that it was so obvious and simple he was amazed it hadn't been discovered earlier.
As a matter of fact, the basis of this method had been discovered earlier and had been reported in a series of papers published by Hare, Mitterer and Abelson in 1967, 1968, and 1969.